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Toward a Unifying Model of Self-Regulation and its Development

Toward a Unifying Model of Self-Regulation and its Development

PI: Pamela Cole
Nilam Ram
PI: Nilam Ram
Stanford University

NIH  R01HD076994
Administered in: College of the Liberal Arts

Abstract:

Self-regulation is a key aspect of healthy development and impairments in self-regulation are associated with many poor health outcomes. This application addresses the NIH’s call for greater consistency and integration in research on self-regulation. Building from a core framework, wherein self-regulation is defined as the recruitment of executive processes (e.g. attention control) to alter prepotent responses (e.g. emotion) we develop a set of mathematical models that aim to unify theoretical perspectives, and to capture the dynamic nature of self-regulation using intensive time-series data. Models are developed and tested using intensive time-series data archived in 5 independent studies of early childhood self-regulation and parent-directed regulation of infant state. In each, behaviors and/or physiology indexing prepotent and executive processes were coded on a second-by-second time scale. Knowledge gained from the unified framework is then used to design and collect new data that provides for tests of predictive validity, developmental differences, and generalization across multiple manifestations of both young children’s and parents’ self-regulation.

Additional Faculty:

Kristen Buss
Kristin Buss Psychology
Sy-Miin Chow
Sy-Miin Chow Human Development and Family Studies Penn State
Lisa Gatzke-Kopp
Lisa Gatzke-Kopp Human Development and Family Studies
Erika Lunkenheimer
Peter Molenaar Human Development and Family Studies

Research Staff:

Tobi Quadri
Tobi Quadri Research Assistant
Jaclyn Yuro
Jaclyn Yuro Research Assistant

Graduate Students:

Sky Cardwell
Sky Cardwell Psychology
Samantha English
Samantha English Psychology
Breanna Genaro
Breanna Genaro Psychology
Vanessa Kim
Vanessa Kim Psychology
Shana Ramsook
Shana Ratcliff
Psychology
Nora Tucker
Nora Tucker Psychology
Xutong Zhang
Xutong Zhang McMaster University